Glossary

A
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Acetate The acetate fiber is soft, thin and dries quickly. It has a glossy finish and allows beautiful bedclothes. Acétate
Abrasion resistance Mechanically evaluated, the abrasion resistance is the number of times that the fabric can be rubbed without its appearance or properties changed. It therefore indicates the type of use recommended for this fabric (low to very intensive). Résistance aux frottements
Acrylic Acrylic is a synthetic fiber characterized by its softness and silkiness. Very light, it dries quickly and does not require ironing. Acrylique
Anti-stain Invisible and non-perceptible to the touch, it is a coating treatment applied to fabric often used in dining rooms. Anti-tâches
Anti-static Antistatic textile reduce, by their composition, the accumulation of electrical charges. Antistatique
Appliqué An appliqué is applied as a decorative element fixed to a garment using glue or a seam. This can be a piece of cloth, a badge, etc. Appliqué
Armhole The armhole is made to let the arm in a garment. It was at this juncture that one sews a sleeve. Emmanchure
Awl An allene is a tool used to round a buttonhole or a corner to push it outward. Allène
B
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Bamboo The bamboo fiber is known to be antibacterial and anti UV. Very absorbent, it is used to create very resistant, breathable and very soft fabrics. Bambou
Baste The action is to build the temporary assembly for a first fitting. Bâtir
Batik Batik is an ancient traditional technique for color printing commonly used on cotton or silk fabrics. Batik
Bias - Binding Bias is a narrow strip of fabric cut on the bias used to finish a seam. It can be folded single or double and in different width. In knits, it can be carved on the frame or line. Biais
Boiled wool - Melton Often made of mixed thread, this woolen weave is then crushed and scraped to give it its fuzzy appearance. Due to its thickness and durability, it is used in the for completes, tailors and coats. Laine bouillie - Melton
Boning A whale is a plastic or metal rod that can support a seam. It can be covered with fabric or be slid into a seam. Baleine
Boucle Obtained by the use of curly threads, this fabric, plain weaved, has an irregular surface. Although resilient, it is subject to snags. It is used mostly used for dresses, coats, scarves and hats. Bouclé
Braid A braid is a narrow strip of woven fabric. It is used mainly for piping to finish a seam or garnish a project. It has a higher relief than a simple ribbon. Galon
Braid A braid is a thin tape, grooved, braided and flat. It is mainly made of silk or viscose and is mainly used to decorate evening wea Soutache
Breathable It is said of a fabric that is breathable when it allows the passage of moisture and air. Respirant
Brocade With its figurative patterns, jacquard is a predominantly glossy fabric made of metal threads. It is used in furniture and even in clothing confection. Brocart
Button loop A flange is a buttonhole system is sewn through rat tail magnifying glass in a seam. Bride
Buttonhole A buttonhole is a small opening made in a woven or knitted fabric to insert the button. Boutonnière
C
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Café lace Often in lace, the café lace is a small curtain installed in the lower part of a window. It is used to preserve privacy while preventing air from entering. Brise-Bise
Camel The camel is made from often camel hair mixed with wool to reduce costs. This luxurious fiber is known for its flexibility and softness. It is used for coats. Chameau
Canvas The canvas is used to give body to certain pieces of clothing or as a base for embroidery. Canevas
Cashemere In addition to being lightweight, cashmere has great insulating and absorbing. It does not accumulate static, wrinkle little and remains dry surface. Cachemire
Challis The Challis holds its name from an Anglo-Indian term "Shalee" representing something sweet. It is fresh, thin and smooth. Challis
Chambray With a plain weave with mottled effect, the chambrai contains dyed warp threads and white weft thread. Easy to sew, it is used to make shirts, dresses and clothes for children. Chambrai
Charmeuse knit Charmeuse knit is ladderproof is used as a lining and in making gowns and lingerie. Made of filaments, it is light and glossy. Tricot charmeuse
Chevron Chevron is a type of armor-derived twill. Giving a zigzag effect, it is often composed of 2 thread of different colors. Chevron
Chiffon The chiffon has a delicate transparent weave. Chiffon
Cloth Cloth is one of the oldest type of armor. Perpendicularly woven, the fabric has neither place nor backwards Toile
Cold resistance Cold resistance is an indicator that the appearance and properties of the fabric will not be affected depending on the temperature. Résistance au froid
Connection A connection is the way to perfectly align the patterns between two pieces of fabric before assembling them. One must consider the pattern repeat to calculate the amount of extra fabric needed to achieve the desired effect. Raccord
Cool wool - Tropical Resilient and fluffy, Cool wool is made of combed torsion thread. It is used to make complete and cutters. Laine tropicalisée
Corduroy Worn in the 17th century to the French court by the king's servants, this fabric is now used in the manufacture of children's clothing and casual wear. Corduroy is normally made of fluffy cotton longitudinal rib whose width may vary. Velours côtelé
Cotton Cotton, a soft and comfortable fiber to the touch, is durable and resists abrasion. When wet, it has good toughness and supports regular wash agitation. Coton
Cotton flanel Frequently used in bedding or clothing nights, the cotton flanel is a cotton which has low torsional frame threads brushed on both sides. It is soft and fluffy. It is the fabric of choice for pajamas. Flanelette
Cover stitch The point collar is used as fancy or as a finishing point, mainly for hemming stretch fabrics. Collerette
Crash Of rustic appearance, the crash is a canvas that is characterized by his irregular thread lumps chain as frame. It takes its name from the Russian word "crashenina" which signify linen cloth. Crash
Crepe There are several types of crepes, the best known is the crepe georgette. This kind of fabric is light and somewhat transparent. Its texture is grainy and its fallout is soft and heavy. It is perfect to do drapes it is een especially in dress, skirt or blouse. Crêpe
Crepe de Chine Crêpe de Chine
Crinoline Much more rigid, the crinoline is used to inflate the dresses with less tissue than regular tulle. Crinoline
Croquet or Ric-rac Ric-rac is a decorative ribbon strayed that can be applied to a garment. Often used for clothing and baby accessories. Croquet or Ric-rac
Cut diagonally When cutting the fabric diagonally across the fabric. This way to cut gives elasticity to the fabric. Couper en biais
D
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Damask The damask is a reversible fabric that is woven in intricate armor. It has matt or glossy figurative motifs. It is use for clothing or bedding. Damas
Darkening Property owned by a fabric when making the room dark, deprived of light. Obscurcissant
Dart A dart is a bend which ends in a point. It is used primarily to create an adjustment on body shapes. Pince
Decatizing Decatizing is a procedure made to shrink a fabric to its maximum before cutting it. A fabric can be decatized either by washing it or while ironing, depending on the tissue type. Décatissage
Denim In robust cotton twill, Denim holds a colored chain thread, often indigo, and a white frame thread. Denim
Double knit As it can be work as a woven through its high stability, the double knit is made of floating thread that connects the knitting center which reduces extensibility. It is used in the manufacture of dresses, suits, jackets and trousers. Tricot double
Draping A drape is a suite of random folds that adds volume, often in lightweight fabrics. Drapé
Duck The duck is made of cotton carded threads and has a half-braided armor. This tissue is firm, heavy and durable. Duck
Dupioni Dupioni is made of filaments that create irregular streaks on the surface of the fabric. Its rustic appearance is used in clothing and decoration. Soie doupion
E
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Ease The ease is a surplus that is given to a garment for comfort. Aisance
Elastan This is a word made of "elastic" and "polyurethane". Also known under the trademark Lycra, it indicates very elastic threads containing at least 85% polyurethane. Élasthanne
Embellishment A enbellishment is an element that is added to a creation to embellish. Garniture
Embossing Embossing is a mechanical process to create a permanent relief fabric through engraved calenders and resin. Gaufrage
Embroidery Embroidery is the art of decorating fabric by adding a flat pattern or relief made by using threads of cotton, linen or other. We can also incorporate materials like pearls, precious stones or sequins. Broderie
Eye The needle's eye is the hole where you insert the thread. Chas
Eyelet embroidery Popularized in England, the English embroidery is a canvas of cotton or mixed fibers with openwork with embroidered edges, often floral. It is often used for child fashion and summer outfits. Broderie anglaise
F
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Facing The facing is an interlining used to add stability to another fabric, by gluing, sewing or the superimposing. There are various types of interlining that fits the stabilized fabric is woven interlining, non-woven and knitted. There are also a variety of thicknesses to provide different resistance to the fabric. Entoilage
Facing A facing is a piece of fabric that is sewn on the inside of a garment, often to finish hems, armholes and neckline. The facing can then be sewn with a liner or be set only for the finishing of a garment. Parementure
Faux fur Imitating fur with synthetic fibers, false fourrure builds can be woven or knitted. It is used in clothing and decoration. It is not reversible and has a way. Fausse fourrure
Faux leather The faux leather fabric is made to loke just like real leather. Known for its flexibility, it is used in decoration for upholstery. Cuirette
Faux suede Just like suede, faux suede has a plain or twill weave. Velvety on the right side, we use this fabric to make skirts, coats, jackets and in furniture. Suédine
Felt The felt is made of a tangle of fibers pressed together under heat, which means that the fibers are not woven in the usual way, regular and accurate. It gives a fabric that is easily deformable, but which does not fray. It is perfect for DIY, crafts, Halloween costumes or hats and it is also used for the webs of board games or, for example, over billiards or poker. Feutre
Filling Filling can be used to fill cushions, dolls and a variety of creative projects. It is found in different forms such as polyester, shredded foam and Kodel. Bourre
Fireproof Ininflammable
Fireproofing Finishing treatment to make a nonflammable fabric Ignifugation
Flannel Wool or cotton fabric has been decatized. This process gives the flannel flexibility and soft touch. Flanelle
Fleece Fleece is a little stretch knit charactized bu one of the two sides that has been brushed for a soft, warm effect. Usually made of cotton, the fabric is easy to clean and sew. Coton ouaté - Molleton
Flounce A flounce is a piece of gathered or pleated fabric which is sewn or applied in a yoke to create volume. Volant
Foulard - Surah Plain or printed, foulard or Surah is a soft, lustrous silk fabric with very thin diagonal. It is used for dresses, blouses, ties, scarves and lingerie. Foulard - Surah
French or English seam English or French seam is a double seam often used for underwear and lightweight fabrics. It avoids fraying. Couture française ou anglaise
Frog A frog is an ornamentation which is primarily a closing system. It is made of braid forming magnifiers and a button. Brandebourg
Fusible Treatment that enables a tissue or accessory bonded to another fabric under the effect of heat with an iron. This technique is often used for inter-linings and trim. Thermocollant
Fusible The thermobonding is a sticky base, often in the form of interlining, which reacts to heat set on a woven or nonwoven fabric. Thermocollant
G
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Gabardine Gabardine
Georgette Crêpe Georgette
Gingham Woven weave fabric, this gingham tiles obtained by alternating white and dyed threads. It is used in the manufacture of shirts, blouses and children's clothing. we can also see it in upholstery and table art. Originally from the town of Vichy in France, this fabric is fresh, light and durable. Vichy
Glazed cotton - Chintz This lustrous cotton has a waxy surface obtained by impregnation or calendering. Coton glacé - Chintz
Gommets A grommet is a small ring of metal or plastic that surrounds an opening to reinforce it and finish it. Œillet
Grainline The grainline is parallel to the chain. This is the direction used as a reference line for cutting the pattern. Droit fil
Grosgrain The grosgrain ribbon is often a rigid synthetic fiber that forms linear grooves. It can be used to reinforce or to customize. Gros-grain
Guipur Obtained by mechanicaly embroidering a basic fabric that is to be dissolved or cut, guipure lace is a pronounced relief. It is perforated and ideal for creating evening wear and wedding. Guipure
Gusset Small piece of cloth inserted in a sleeve to give ease to the movements. Reinforce the ends with a piece of muslin and topstitching the edges if desired. Gousset - Soufflet
H
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Hem A hem is a folded edge on the edge of a garment. Often called edge. Ourlet
Hemp Little messy, hemp has good level of absorption and good toughness which increases when wet. It resists abrasion, moisisure and sunlight. Chanvre
Holdbacks A holdback is an accessory that is both practical and decorative. Available in several styles and colors, it is intended to hold a curtain panel on each side of the window, allowing clear view to the outside. Embrasses
Honeycomb stitch The honeycomb stitch is a gathered embroidery with an elastic yarn that gives extensibility while creating a volume set on the workpiece. The honeycomb is made of an elastic thread in the bobbin of your sewing machine. Nid d'abeille
Hook A clip is composed of a small hook and a small ring that is sewed to close clothing. Agrafe
Hound's tooth Alternating colors in the warp and weft thread, the houndstooth is composed of a twill with slightly stretched tiles diagonally. Originally from Scotland, it is used in the for suits and coats. Pied-de-poule
Hypoallergenic A product is hypoallergenic when it causes very few allergies. Hypoallergène
I
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Ikat Obtained by dyeing the threads before weaving, ikat has blurred patterns that looks like a mirror image. It is used in clothing and furniture. Ikat
Inlay A lace or embroidery pattern that is applied to a garment as a garnish. Incrustation
Insertion An insert is a cloth, a tape, a flounce, etc. which is added in a cutting seam or a hem. Insertion
Interfacing An interfacing fabric is placed between the fabric and the lining. It offers a new feature to the fabric or the stability, protection against cold, etc. Stabilizers are among the interlining. Entredoublure
Interlock Extensible and reversible, interlock is a knit which has a double frame that makes him a run-proof knitting. It is used for dresses, shirts, leggings and underwear Interlock
J
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Jacquard Jacquard, made on a loom, has raised patterns that can be simple or extremely elaborate. Jacquard
Jean Unlike denim, jean is dyed. It has a twill weave and is not reversible. Jean
Jean seam The jeans seam is mainly used for the jeans sides. It is made of a double seam stitching and two overstitch, which makes it very solid. Couture jean
Jute - Burlap Jute is a natural fiber known for its strength. Jute canvases are often used for packaging goods though its popularity is growing for its decorative appearance. Jute - Burlap
K
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Knit The knit is the main pami 3 armor that is found in weaving. It is also the simplest model: the weft passes alternately over and above the warp yarn. Whatever the material with which it is performed, the fabric is still very strong. Tricot
Kodel Trademark of polyester fibers used as filling. Kodel
L
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Lace Dentelle
Lamé Fabric formed by a weave of metal threads, gold or silver. Lamé
Laminated fabric A laminated fabric is formed of several materials that are stuck together but inseparable. Used particularly to protect the most fragile membranes, the fabric, laminated, strongly gaining strength. Tissu laminé
Lateral The lateral is the outside line on a pattern or line along the body sides. Latéral
Leatherette Having visual characteristics and the touch of leather, leatherette is a knitted fabric with, on its surface, a layer of synthetic polymer. Similicuir
Linen Little messy, thanks to its smooth surface, linen fiber is ideal for summer clothing because it absorbs moisture and quickly rejects outside. It does not accumulate static and has excellent toughness. Lin
Lining Doublure
Lycra Registered trademark of DuPont. However, this elastane. Lycra
Lyocell Hypoallergenic fiber, lyocell is soft, thin and flexible. It does not accumulate static and has excellent toughness in the dry state. Lyocell
M
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Madras The madras is a color effect cotton formed by cross-way of his warp and weft thread. It is reversible, thin and durable. It is used for jackets, pants, shirts and for bedding. Madras
Median The median is the center line of a boss, or the line between the front and back into two equal parts. Médiane
Mesh Commonly called net, the mesh is semi-transparent and extensible. His best known use in manufacturing sarong, but we see increasingly in sportswear. The mesh is comfortable to wear, easy to maintain and does not wrinkle. Mèche
Microfiber Microfiber fabrics are actually regular construction fabrics but have considerably smaller fibers than average. This usually gives them specific properties, which differentiates them from others. Microfibre
Mohair Resistant to wear and abrasion, mohair insulates against cold and heat. This soft fiber is absorbent and tough. Mohair
Muslin Either it is made of synthetic fibers or silk, musclin is a soft and lightweight fabric. Known for its beautiful drape, it is used to make scarves and light clothing Mousseline
N
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Neckline The neckline is the oping made to let the head in a garment. Encolure
Neoprene Presented by Du Pont, neoprene is a highly resistant synthetic form of rubber. Néoprène
Netting Although he and tulle has several similarities, the net has larger holes, has more rigidity and is less refined. Net
Nonallergic They say a product is nonallergic when it does not cause allergy. Anallergique
Non-skid A product is non-skid if it reduces the risk of sliding. Sold by the meter or piece, the non-skid fabric can be used as sub-table or in various creative projects like slippers. Antidérapant
Notch Slit on the edge of a seam allowance to provide benchmarks during assembly. Cran
Nylon Alkaline resistant and more solvents, nylon provides great tenacity. Nylon
O
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Olefin Olefin is a generic group of synthetic fibers which includes polyethylene and polypropylene. Oléfine
Open Seam The action of opening a seam is to place the seam allowances each their side of the seam. Ouvrir une couture
Openwork Ajouré
Organdy Solid or printed, organdy is used for dresses and blouses. Light and transparent, this fabric has a stiff finish. Organdi
Organza Organza is a very light fabric, transparent and shiny finish. Usually made of polyester and starched to give it a dry and brittle effect, we mainly find it in evening dresses, sheers or event decorations such as weddings. One can indeed create beautiful curls or draped with beautiful volumes since the fabric does not sag. It can also be superimpose to another fabric to give it a certain gloss. Organza
Outdoor curtains An outdoor curtain is designed to withstand the weather. Its fabric is treated against UV rays to prevent premature deterioration and grommets are in stainless steel. Rideaux Extérieur
Overedge Oblique point handmade embroidery to the fabric to 3 mm from edge to prevent fraying. Surfil
Overlock 3 threads The 3 threads overlock allows an inside seam finishing. It is also used to join the knitting Surjet 3 fils
Overlock 4 threads The 4 threads overlock is often used to sew knittings, it can also do a 3 thread overlock finish. Surjet 4 fils
Overlock 5 threads The 5 threads overlock assembles any type of garment. It consists of a continuous finishing stitch and a chain stitch at approximately 1 cm from the edge. The 5 threads overlock be used to make a continuous stitch 3 threads, but does not do 4 threads overlock. Surjet 5 fils
Oxford Frequently used for shirts and blouses, oxford is a good quality semi-basket weave porous cotton. Oxford
P
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Panne velvet Flattened in one direction by calendering, panne velvet holds a shiny duvet. Panne de velours
Pellon (See Facing definition) Pellon
Percale Percale refers to a weaving and not a material like the popular belief says. This is a very simple weaving with long and thin threads that crosses perpendicularly. With its matte and robust appearance, percale is often used for bedding. Percale
Pince of Wales Check Used in the manufacture of complete, tailors or coats, the weight of the Prince of Wales will vary with use of combed or carded threads. This twill fabric, found in contrasting colors or tone on tone, consists of striped and superimpose checkered and hound's tooth. Prince de galle
Piping Piping is a bias tape fold in half to use for finishing a hem or a cut. It may have a little rope inside to add fullness. Passepoil
Piqué Stitched fabrics are made of an assembly of two fabric layers between which a layer of Kodel was added. They are usually used in bedding for children or as cover and protection on changing tables. It also uses the dive table as protection in cooking and as a sub-table. Piqué
Piqué knit Popularized by René Lacoste pique knit is a knit which has an embossed pattern. It is not reversible, flexible and fresh. Jersey piqué
Polar fleece Often used for sleepwear or outdoor clothes, the polar fleece is made from recycled fiber. Although most of them have a finished side velvet, some can be brushed on both sides or treated against pilling. This fabric is popular for its warmth, light and easy to sew. Polar - Tricot molletonné
Polyamid Synthetic fiber designed from resistant threads. It is flexible, relatively elastic and easy to maintain. Polyamide
Poly-Cotton Polycotton is a mix of two materials including cotton and polyester. The combination of these two fibers create a comfortable material, inexpensive and easy to maintain. Polycoton
Polyester Polyester has an excellent heat resistance, the mold, to light and abrasion. Polyester
Polyethylene Polyethylene is a synthetic fiber made of monofilament. She is known for its light weight. Polyéthylène
Polypropylene Polypropylene is formed of filaments of short fibers. This is a non-absorbent synthetic fiber that wicks moisture. Due to its properties, it is used for sports underwear. Polypropylène
Poplin Having a fine and dense chain and a thicker frame, poplin has transverse grooves. Due to its versatility, it is used to make shirts and pants as well as tablecloths. The stability of the fabric makes its maintenance and sewing easy. Popeline
Pressing cloth A pressing cloth is a fabric that is placed between the fabric and the iron. Pattemouille
Q
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Quilted Quilting process is done with several randomly stitched layers of fabrics to create a pattern and a magnitude effect. Matelassé
R
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Railroaded Not railroaded and railroaded are the terms relative to the orientation of the pattern on the fabric. A "not railroaded" fabric has a pattern that has been woven through the width of the fabric and which will be repeated itself an infinite number of times over the length of the roll. A "railroaded" fabric has a pattern of the direction of lenght of the fabric. This information is important when you make curtain or cover large area. Railroaded
Ramie Similar to linen, ramie is absorbent, does not pill and has good toughness. It is little messy and dries quickly. Ramie
Rayon Rayon is a synthetic textile fiber extracted and formed from cellulose pieces. Very soft, light and durable, rayon is often used, particularly in the clothing. Rayonne
Reverse The reverse side is the back part of a garment, such as a pocket or the corner of a tailored collar. Revers
Reversible A reversible fabric means it can equally be used on one side or the other. Réversible
Rib knit Very elastic in width, the rib knit has vertical ribs formed of juxtaposed wales visible on the right and wrong side of the fabric. It is found on the edge of sleeves or collars on knit sweaters and coats. It has the same properties as basic knits and its composition may be multiple, cotton, polyester or fiber blend. Tricot côte
Ribs The ribs are very narrow folds, between 1 to 3 mm, stitched. These are decorative stitching. Nervures
Right side The right side of the fabric is the beautiful side of the fabric. It is usually smoother, more regular and clearer prints. Endroit
Rod Pocket The rod pocket is a type of finishing for sheer curtains mainly. It is a hem in which the rod passes. It is well hidden and no hooks or rings is required for its fabrication. Passe-pôle
Rolled edge Rolled edge is a finishing point on lightweight fabrics. Made as a continuous overlock point, it is creating a neat finish-tighten it. Point rouleauté
Ruckle A ruckle is a ripple formed by a fabric cut diagonally or sewn form a yoke. Godet
S
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Sandwashed With visual qualities similar to tactile suede, microsuede is a woven weave which also differs from the ultrasuede. It is reversible, resilient, fluffy and soft. Microsuède
Sateen Cotton and silk fabric with the appearance of true satin by his armor and finish. Satinette
Satin The satin weave is one of the types of armor used in weaving. With no apparent frame, satin fabric is smooth, smooth, fine and slightly shiny side out. Satin
Satin charmeuse Plain or patterned, satin charmeuse is the thinnest and lightest satins. In addition to its beautiful drape, it has a rich and shimmering look. Satin charmeuse
Satin crepe Satin weave composed weft thread crepe twisting, crepe satin has a glossy and a place mat to. Its flexibility allows it to create beautiful draping. It is used in the manufacture of dresses, blouses and lingerie. Crêpe de satin
Seam allowance The seam allowance is the fabric space between the assembly seam and the fabric edge. It is usually 3/4 '' or 1cm. Valeur de couture
Seam gauge Also called cursor rule or sewing gauge, this tool can measure small steps precisely. Ideal for hems, the adjustment patterns or easily add markers on fabric. Jauge à bord
Seersucker Obtained by a variation of tensions of the warp thread, seersucker is an embossed cotton. Its effect is permanent and is used for blouses, dresses, shirts and clothes for children. Seersucker
Serge Twill is one of the three types of armor used in weaving. It is characterized by the presence of oblique ribs on the right side while its wrong side is plain. Sergé
Shantung Often made in dupion silk, shantung takes its name from Shantung province located in northern China. Used in the manufacture of dresses, gowns, and in furnishings, it has irregular weft thread forming streaks. Shantung
Sheer Light weight and transparent, the sheer has a weave whose threads suffered a high twist, providing the durability and resilience. It is used in clothing to make dresses and gowns and in decoration to create window dressing. Voile
Shirring - Gathering The gathers are small pleats that creates volume in fabrics. They are made from two long seams point that were drawn to form folds. Fronces
Silk Recognized for its luster and smoothness, silk has a remarkable feel and resiliency. It develops very little static electricity and insulation from heat and cold. Soie
Silk noil The bourette is a woven fabric made of small clusters of irregular fibers that give grainy texture. With its rustic look, it is used in clothing and upholstery. Bourette
Simple jersey Jersey simple
Sketches To create something new from an existing pattern, it is preferable to make a sketch before in an inexpensive fabric. Esquisses
Sleeve board A sleeve is a little thin ironing board ideal for narrower parts and seams. Jeannette
Snap A push-button is a button composed of two parts that fit together, made of metal or plastic. Bouton-pression
Snicks A notch is a excedent tissue which is removed in a seam allowance. Mainly during a concave curve, we made several small notches to remove the excess fabric before turning the piece. Encoches
Softshell Consists of a waterproof and breathable membrane and a layer of microfleece. We use the Softshell in the manufacture of sportswear and outdoor. It offers ideal protection against the cold and rain. Softshell
Spaghetti Queue de rat
Spandex See elastan Spandex
Stay stitch A stay stitch is made to keep the seam allowance on one side of the seam. It is actually very close to the edge of the seam and is often used when finishing an armhole or neckline. The seam is often inside the garment, so that it is not apparent and it prevents the lining or facing going outwards of the opening. Piqure de soutien
Stitch Stitching is the action of making a seam to join two pieces of fabric together. Piquer
Studded Nailing is an ornamentation provided with claws to be applied on the fabric. Cloutage
Supplex® Supplex is a knitted fabric made of 100% nylon fibers and its touch feels a lot like cotton. It is very comfortable and automatically resumes its shape when stretched, unlike cotton knit fabrics taht lose their shape after washing. His greatest quality is that it is constructed to let wick moisture and perspiration, so you stay dry even practicing demanding sports. Supplex is ideal for sweaters, trousers or underwear sports, but can obviously be used for clothing everyday. Supplex®
T
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Tack bar Used primarily for braids, this breakpoint solidifies your seam. Bar tack
Taffeta Taffeta is a glossy or semi-gloss canvas which, unlike the satin, is quite rigid and brittle gives effect to clothes. It is also recognized by the rustling that occurs when moving. It is widely used in evening dresses, but it is also used in decoration, depending on the type of taffeta. Taffetas
Tapestry With ornamental designs, upholstery fabric is made on a loom. In decoration, it is used on furnitures. Tapisserie
Tartan Featuring different color tiles, tartan is used to make both male and female clothing. It has a twill weave made of combed or carded thread. Tartan
Tassel The tassel is used in decorative finishing element. Composed by fringes, it is topped by a roughly spherical head decorated. Traditionally used as a finish for draperies, today we find them on other decorative accessories such as lamps, cushions and others. Gland
Teflon® Teflon® exists in several forms in our every day lives and even found as fabric, most commonly used in the recovery of ironing boards. His steel blue or gray finish is resistant to high temperatures. So it will not burn under normal use iron, does not stain and is nonstick. Téflon®
Terry cloth Soft, bulky and absorbent, terry cloth is formed by extra parts of chain threads. It is used to make robes, towels and clothes for children. Ratine
Thermal insulating Thermal insulation prevents cold or heat to escape. In the case of a garment, it takes the person using it warm while in decoration, he held the warm room. Isolant thermique
Thinsulate™ The Thinsulate ™ insulation is perfect for sports coats. Composed of very fine synthetic fibers, organized as in a piqué (between two layers of breathable film), we obtain a fabric thin but effectively warm, which allows moisture to flow. You remain both dry and warm. The Thinsulate ™ is easy to sew and is available only in white color. Thinsulate™
Top stitch The top stitch is a apparante stitch on the side of the fabric near the seam. It helps reinforce the stitching, hold the seam allowance or to decorate a seam. Surpiqure
Triacetate This fabric of synthetic fibers is primarily known for its drying capacity and low level of wrinkling. Can be fusing, to get permanent creases and is very resistant to heat. Triacétate
Trimmings Set of woven articles and shaped by hand or mechanically, which are used as fillings in furniture and decoration, or in clothing. Passementerie
Tulle With its hexagonal structure, tulle is like a net. It is used as background for the lace, supperposition or as a garnish in the manufacture of dresses and costumes. Tulle
Tweed Woven in the twill weave that creates a diagonal, this fabric is often composed of 2 or more tons fiber which gives it a subtle color effect. Very thick but soft and flexible, this fabric is often used for making clothes. Tweed
Twill Fabric built in a serge weave, twill, is reversible, resistant and has a smooth finish. It is used in work clothes, uniforms, and as bag fabric. Twill
Twill Tape A twill tape is a woven tape in twill weave, a chevron weft, which makes the ribbon textured and very solid. It is mainly used to solidify seams or finishing elements Ruban sergé
U
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Ultrasuede Imitating suede, the ultrasuede is made of microfibre impregnated with polyurethane. It is lighter and easier maintenance than animal source suede. Ultrasuede
Underlining Third thick of fabric used to give the outfit a little more structure to the wrists, shirt's colets and others. Triplure
UV resistant Resistance to ultraviolet rays indicates that the fabric retain its appearance despite exposure to sunlight. Résistant aux UV
V
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Valence Element made in fabric, or occasionally in wood, placed in the top of the window to cover the installation of the pole or, as decorative element. Valence
Velvet Used in clothing and upholstery, velvet has a duvet obtained by inserting a series of chain thread or extra frame. Velours
Velveteen Obtained by adding a weft thread who are subsequently cut, brushed and shaved, velveteen has a short, dense blanket. It is used in the manufacture of jackets, pants and clothing for children. It is also considered as a cheap imitation velvet. Velventine
Vinyl Very resistant, vinyl is used in all situations. This is the name given to glossy plastics. Vinyle
Viscose Soft and comfortable, viscose is flexible and versatile fiber. Viscose
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TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Warp The chain is the direction of the length of a fabric parallel to the edge of the fabric. This is also the direction of the grainline. Chaîne
Water repellent A water repellent fabric creates a barrier against water penetration and protects from moisture. Do not confuse with waterproof that completely prevents water to pass through. Hydrofuge
Waterproof A fully waterproof fabric prevents water to pass through. Imperméable
Weave The armor is the way in which the weft and warp intertwined to create a woven fabric. Armure
Weft The weft thread is through the width direction of a fabric. It is the weft that are introduced in the warp thread. Trame
Width The width corresponds to the width of a tissue. Making curtains, several widths are sometimes necessary to perform a panel of the desired width. Laize
Wollen There are different kinds of wool, warmer to lighter: tweed, gabardine, melton, flannel, besides the patterns that we find most often as the tartan, herringbone or the hound's tooth. Wool is often associated with heat and winter clothing. However, there is a wide selection of summer wool, also known as tropical. Lainage
Wool Wool insulation provides excellent protection against cold and develop very little static electricity. When mixed with a synthetic fiber (eg. Polyester, acrylic and nylon) this improves durability and ease of care. Laine
Wool crepe Also called sand crepe, wool crepe has high torsional threads that form short floats which are arranged randomly, giving it its sandy appearance. It is used in the manufacture of blouses and dresses. Crêpe de laine
Wool serge With its equal number of threads of warp and weft, twill wool has a twill weave and is not reversible. It is used for coats, jackets, trousers and dresses. Laine sergé
Wrong side The wrong side of the fabric is the less beautiful side of the fabric. It is often less smooth, regular and impressions are often less clear or dark. Envers
Z
TERM DEFINITION FRENCH
Zig zag The zig zag is a decorative item that can also be used to prevent fabric from fraying, to replace an overlock. Point zig zag